File system

Now you know a few really basic, Linux commands. Before we can learn anything else, we should look into how files and directories are structured inside a Linux system.


$ ls /
bin  boot  dev  etc  home  lib  lib64  lost+found  mc  media  mnt  opt  output  proc  root  run  sbin  srv  sys  tmp  usr  var

/ is the root directory of your file system. It’s under this directory, that all the other files and directories reside. There’s a Filesystem Hierarchy Standard(FHS), which talks about these different directories, and what kinds of files are located in which directory.